- types of mammograms in new york
- new york mammography providers
introduction to mammography
Mammography plays a central role in the early detection of breast cancers because it can show changes in the breast up to two years before the patient or doctor can feel them. The low-dose x-ray system used in most mammography machines simply exposes a small dose of ionizing radiation to the area of interest to produce images of the inside of the body. current us guidelines uu. the department of health and human services (hhs), the american cancer society (acs), the american medical association (ama), and the american college of radiology (acr) recommend a screening mammogram every year for women, starting of the 40 years. Research has shown that annual mammograms lead to early detection of breast cancers, when they are most curable and breast-conserving therapies are available. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) adds that women who have had breast cancer and those who are at increased risk due to a genetic history of breast cancer should seek expert medical advice about whether to start screening sooner. age 40 and on the frequency of screening tests. .
preparing the patient for mammography
Tell your doctor or technologist if there is any chance you are pregnant. mammograms can be harmful to your fetus and cause birth defects. It is recommended to schedule a mammogram one week after your period. Guidelines about eating and drinking before a mammogram vary at different facilities. Unless instructed otherwise, you can follow your normal daily routine and take medications as usual. do not wear deodorant, powder, or lotions under your arms or on your breasts on the day of the exam. these may show up on the mammogram as calcium stains. Before your exam, talk to your doctor about any new findings or problems with your breasts. tell your doctor about any previous surgery, hormone use, and personal or family history of breast cancer. if possible, obtain previous mammograms and make them available to the radiologist at the time of the current exam.
what to expect during and after a mammogram
The overall preparation and mammogram exam should take approximately 30 minutes. Before the procedure, describe any breast symptoms or problems to the technologist performing the exam. if areas are seen, a special sticky marker will be placed at the location of the areas prior to the procedure. At the time of the procedure, you will be asked to remove any clothing, jewelry, or other objects that may interfere with the procedure. You will also be asked to remove your clothing from the waist up, and then you will be given a hospital gown to wear. For the procedure, you will stand in front of a mammography machine. One breast at a time will be placed on the x-ray. compression to the breast is required to minimize the amount of radiation used and to ensure optimal visualization of the breast tissue. you may feel some discomfort during this time. During the procedure, you will be asked to lie very still and may even be asked to hold your breath for a few seconds while the x-ray image is taken to reduce the chance of a blurry image. To take the actual x-ray image, the technologist will walk behind a wall or into the next room to activate the x-ray machine. multiple pictures of each breast will most likely be taken. once the procedure is complete, you will be asked to wait until the technologist determines that the images are of sufficient quality for the radiologist to read. once clear, ask your doctor or technician when your results will be ready.