ethereum is the leading smart contract enabled blockchain and has big plans for 2022. one of the most anticipated events is eth2 which is expected to launch soon. On August 5, 2021, EIP-1559 went live on the Ethereum network. this update is the biggest improvement to ethereum in a long time, and it makes everyone wonder, when will ethereum 2.0 be released?
Currently, ethereum is a proof-of-work (pow) cryptocurrency, which means its network is protected by power-intensive hashing algorithms. other cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin, litecoin, and dogecoin also use pow consensus, but this model drastically reduces the capacity of the blockchain. some speculators even say that pow is an outdated technology due to the limitations of the consensus model.
Reading: When will ethereum 2.0 launch
eth2 will be the most monumental update to the ethereum blockchain. it will change the way the ethereum network is secured, allowing for much higher transaction throughput as well as significantly reduced transaction costs. In addition, eth2 will reduce the emission rate of ethereum from 4% to 0.4% per year. Coupled with the fee burn that eip-1559 has implemented, ethereum is likely to become more scarce over time.
what is ethereum?
ethereum is one of the largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization, second only to bitcoin. While both bitcoin and ethereum use blockchain technology to protect their networks, they are not direct competitors. bitcoin is intended to be a store of value: you can think of bitcoin as digital gold. Ethereum is promoted as a “general purpose blockchain” that can host unlimited features. as of now, decentralized finance (defi) applications are the most popular use case for ethereum.
The most notable advantage ethereum has over bitcoin is its smart contract capability. smart contracts are codes that are uploaded to the blockchain, making the code immutable and uncontrollable by a third party. smart contracts are currently used for decentralized exchanges (dex), lending, insurance, and many other financial functions.
If you’re active in the cryptocurrency space, you may have heard of ethereum gas fees. Gas fees are needed to use the Ethereum blockchain, and these fees are calculated based on the computational power needed to run functions on the blockchain. for example, you would have to pay a small amount of gas to send a transaction, but you would have to pay higher gas fees for features like exchanging crypto, deploying code, and providing liquidity.
what is defi?
defi is short for decentralized finance. is an innovative new field within blockchain technology and allows users to perform financial functions without using a centralized third party such as a bank or cryptocurrency exchange.
Most of defi is based on ethereum – it is the largest blockchain network that supports smart contracts. while this is currently the case, competitors like cardano (ada) and binance smart chain (bsc) are attracting many new users due to their low transaction costs compared to ethereum.
The defi industry is growing rapidly and many projects have gained significant attention due to their unique benefits over centralized financial services. the rise of defi has been a major cause of the ethereum congestion issue that makes ethereum 2.0 necessary. defi users and nft traders have been wondering when ethereum 2.0 will be released for a while now. Here’s a quick overview of some of the top decentralized finance projects on the market today:
- uniswap is the leading decentralized exchange on ethereum. users can trade cryptocurrencies anonymously directly from their crypto wallet, so there is no need to rely on a centralized exchange to hold their funds.
- chainlink is also based on ethereum , and seeks to connect real-world data with the blockchain. it does this through oracles, which you can learn more about on the chainlink website.
- wrapped bitcoinis essentially just bitcoin on the ethereum blockchain. Each WBTC has a traditional BTC backing it, which ensures that these 2 coins can be linked to each other. Being able to own bitcoin on ethereum allows you to interface with any defi program on ethereum, such as uniswap, aave, and compound.
- aave is a decentralized lending platform on ethereum. It allows users to obtain secured loans without the need for approval from a lending institution. instead, you must secure the loan with cryptocurrencies, which will be taken if you default on your loan.
- pancakeswap is the leading dex on the binance smart chain. Since bsc is already proof of stake, the network fees are significantly lower than uniswap, which uses the ethereum network.
proof-of-work vs. proof-of-stake
The underlying update in eth2 is the change from proof of work (pow) to proof of stake (pos). As mentioned above, pow involves cryptocurrency miners using immense amounts of electricity to solve complicated problems in exchange for mining rewards. rather, pos will secure the ethereum blockchain through validators that have a financial stake in the network.
There are many benefits that come with proof-of-stake consensus. In particular, ethereum will be able to scale much more effectively as a pos coin. transaction fees will be around 1% of what they are today, and ethereum will be able to process many more transactions in the same amount of time.
Also, proof of stake will make ethereum a green blockchain. proof-of-work cryptocurrencies use a ton of electricity – bitcoin miners use more energy than most small countries, and the amount of energy is only growing.
One area where pow beats pos is security. Generally speaking, pow coins are more secure than pos coins, as it is extremely difficult to acquire 51% of a network’s computational power (required for a 51% attack). Because of this, the ethereum developers are working hard to create a decentralized and secure pos system on the eth2 testnet before rolling out the upgrade to the ethereum mainnet.
the other important update for eth2 is fragmentation. 64 new blockchains, or “shard chains,” will be launched to run in parallel with the ethereum mainnet. these new chains will drastically increase the yield of ethereum and ideally reduce gas fees by increasing the supply (capacity) of the network.
where to buy ethereum
Since ethereum is such an established cryptocurrency, most dedicated cryptocurrency exchanges support the token. The best trading platform for you depends on your needs as an investor. if you are simply looking for the lowest rates, robinhood is your best option.
robinhood recently allowed users to send crypto in and out of their robinhood crypto wallet so you can now interact with defi programs after using the platform. Some great options for beginners that also allow you to send and receive ether tokens include webull and etoro.
how to stake ethereum for interest
With proof of stake, you can stake your ether tokens on the ethereum blockchain to become a validator. investors are encouraged to do so, as they can earn interest on their cryptocurrency by staking ether tokens on the network.
Staking allows you to earn 6%-8% annual interest on Ethereum. This interest is paid in Ether tokens, so you will earn an effective interest rate of over 8% if Ethereum appreciates. therefore, if the value of ether decreases, the interest you earn will effectively be less. If you think Ethereum will be successful in the long run, staking is a great way to grow your crypto portfolio.
You can stake your ethereum with hodlnaut for up to 7.25% interest right now.
when will ethereum 2.0 be released?
everyone in crypto wants to know when ethereum 2.0 will be released. could inspire a massive resurgence in ethereum and maybe bitcoin too! in short, eth2 will be released when developers are confident in network security. the testnet, also known as the beacon chain, is live and billions of dollars in ether tokens have already been staked. the update has been in the works for years; the initial release was scheduled for november 2020. the testnet was released in december 2020, but there is no set release date for eth2 yet. based on the most recent updates, the merger is scheduled to come out sometime later this year. Tim Beiko, a core etheruem developer, said in July that the merger will happen in September. take this with a grain of salt though, as the merger has seen tons of delays so far.
the ethereum foundation is taking its time to make sure the network is as secure as possible. this reason largely explains why the release date has been delayed so much, as the developers want to make sure the network is safe from malicious attacks and that the code is consolidated. hopefully we will see a proof of stake ethereum by summer 2022.
Is ethereum a good investment?
Most crypto enthusiasts believe ethereum is a good investment. once it is announced when ethereum 2.0 will be released, it may be even easier to determine if eth is a good investment. eth 2.0 could make ethereum a great investment quickly if it sees the resurgence that many experts expect. Looking at eth’s past price movements, the asset has outperformed bitcoin, making it an extremely lucrative investment for any investor who got into ether before the start of the year. the ethereum network is far from its final form, and investing before eth2 can become a great investment opportunity.